Title Experimental research of the heat transfer into the ground at relatively high and low water table levels /
Authors Zdankus, Tadas ; Vaiciunas, Juozas ; Bandarwadkar, Sandeep
DOI 10.3390/buildings13051272
Full Text Download
Is Part of Buildings.. Basel : MDPI. 2023, vol. 13, iss. 5, art. no. 1272, p. 1-14.. ISSN 2075-5309
Keywords [eng] heat transfer into the ground ; charge by heat ; temperature distribution ; heat accumulation ; heat dissipation ; thermal equilibrium
Abstract [eng] During the cold period, the heat transferred through the building’s external boundaries to the environment changes the naturally established heat balance between atmospheric air and soil layers. The process of the heat transfer into the ground was investigated experimentally in the cases of the relatively high and low levels of the water table. The first part of each experiment was the research of the heat transfer into the soil from the heating surface. The second part was monitoring the heat dissipation in the ground until the return to the initial natural thermodynamic equilibrium after the heating is intercepted. The heating device was installed into the clay at a one-meter depth, and its surface temperature was kept constant at 20 degrees Celsius. The ground was warmed up in contact with the heating surface. The heat spread to other soil layers and transformed the temperature distribution. A new thermodynamic equilibrium was reached six days after the heating started at an initial temperature of 4.4 degrees Celsius. The intensity of the heat flux density approached a stable value equal to 117.4 W/m2, which is required to maintain this thermodynamic equilibrium, as the heat was dissipating in the large volume of the surrounding soil. The heating was turned off, and the natural initial heat balance was reached after two weeks.
Published Basel : MDPI
Type Journal article
Language English
Publication date 2023
CC license CC license description